other countries in the region, malaria remains an endemic
disease of public health importance in Malaysia. A majority
of the malaria cases detected annually were from the State
of Sabah in East Malaysia. In spite of various anti-malarial
measures, malaria continues to be a serious health problem
affecting a large proportion of its population. There
is a need to affecting a large proportion of its population.
There is a need to develop more effective means of control
of the disease. Past studies provide some information
on the epidemiology and dynamics of malaria transmission,
little has been done to investigate the sociological, cultural,
and ecological factors that play an important role in the
transmission and control of the disease. Factors of
tribal housing, clothing, and vocations that cause uninterrupted
exposure of the population to malaria risk are also significant
features that needed examination. Understanding these
social phenomena and behavior of the people would aid in improving
effectiveness of current and future control programs.
This study is intended to fill this gap in knowledge as well
as serve as a model for future field research on tropical
diseases in Malaysia and other countries in this region.